Archives for December 2015
Question: Is playing chess allowed in Islam?
باسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن والاه
May Allah reward you for your question.
Our scholars (may Allah shower His mercy upon them) have differed in this subject. Some have stated the ruling of Haram (forbidden), whilst others have stated the ruling of Makrooh (disliked), with some ruling the game as something permissible as long as certain conditions are met.
Every view has its evidences and this difference of opinion is testimony to the richness of Jurisprudence Methodology in Islam as well as Islamic Jurisprudence as a subject.
In my humble view, playing chess from the outset, is permissible on condition the following criterion is taken care of. This criterion applies to other forms of games and activites as well, and is as follows:
1. That there is absolutely no form of gambling present in the arrangement of the two parties playing the game.
2. That it is not played for the sake of wasting time, but rather played with a more noble purpose and intention, such as training one’s mind and developing one’s strategic ability, or taking a deserved break whilst engaging in an activity considered ‘positive recreation’ etc.
3. That it does not become a means of missing a compulsory act in Islam, such as the observing of Salaah before the expiry of its time.
4. That it does not entail carelessness with regards to a more prioritised matter in the life of the person playing, such as one’s education, job or family responsibility.
5. That it is not done in a way that entails any matter forbidden in Islam, such as the creation of enmity between the two parties or becoming vulgar in one’s speech or character etc.
If diligence is lacking with regards to any of these five cited conditions; the Islamic ruling regarding chess or the game in question will change accordingly to Makrooh (disliked) and Haram (forbidden).
It should be noted that it is not befitting for a Muslim to engage in matters disliked by the shariah and thus the ruling of Makrooh (disliked) should not be taken lightly.
The above is based on the all important principle in Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh) that lists all matters not related to worship as permissible unless there is authoratative evidence from the sources of Islam stating otherwise.
I would like to add as well, that many of the scholars who have an issue with adults playing chess have done so based on the presence of elements resembling that which is animate. The discussion related to animate objects, its creation, purchase and procurement is a long one and beyond the scope of this answer. For now it is important that it is understood that the discussion does have precedence in Islam and again should not be a matter taken lightly.
As a solution; I have come across chess games with elements resembling inanimate objects, and would state that these products be used instead, especially in the case of adults playing the game.
This is what Allah Almighty has made easy for me to share, and Allah Almighty knows best.
Everything correct is from Allah Almighty and any mistakes are from myself and shaitan, and I seek Allah Almighty’s forgiveness.
#TadabburTuesday -Sheikh Sajid umar Telegram Channel-
Allah Almighty says:
“Your Lord is most knowing of what is within yourselves. If you should be righteous [in intention] – then indeed He is ever, to the often returning [to Him], Forgiving.” (17:25)
This aayah has been cited by Allah Almighty after Allah Almighty commands us to worship none but Him and to be dutiful to our parents.
Many people hear these aayaat and say I know that I have to be good to my parents, but you don’t know my parents…They are hard to please…
Subhanallah, in these aayaat we find a reminder from Allah Almighty, for Allah Almighty is promising us that He will judge our efforts towards our parents as well as our efforts in all endevours based on the level of sincerity of our intentions. Allah Almighty also promises to perpetually forgive those who intend Allah Almighty in their affairs.
We should also take note that In this ayah, Allah uses the word “awwab” which also carries a meaning related to an ‘arrival back’ after a long journey away.
The usage of this word is an inspiration for those who have experienced a turbulent relationship with their parents. For those who feel that the damage is so deep and the relationship is so far gone that the mere though of rekindling a relationship with their parents is an impossibility. It serves as an inspiration in that Allah Almighty encourages us to head back and create an ‘arrival back’ irrespective of how far down the road we have gone.
Allah Almighty is inspiring us to just head back, with a sincere intention, promising us a second chance!
May Allah almighty forigve us and preserve our parents in His obedience, Ameen.
For those who have lost their parents; may Allah make their graves gardens from the gardens of Jannah. Ameen.
Please do me a favour everyone. Before you put your phone down; please send a message to your parents thanking them for being your parents. Seek their forgiveness for your mistakes in your life towards them and ask Allah Almighty to shower His mercy upon them for they raised and nurtured you when you were young…😢
Please share this message with your friends and families and loved ones.
I love you all for the sake of Allah.
Ps: please joing the channel here
Lesson 13 – Summary Notes
Knowledge & Patience
– Seeking knowledge requires patience and patience requires effort. Whenever the Shariah speaks of knowledge it is always synonymous to patience.
– When we work for Allah we are always being payed for our work with rewards in dunya and the akhirah.
– Shaytaan can cause us to doubt this and attack our sense of patience. This leads to a loss in motivation.
– When we don’t see the fruits of our labour now, we must remember that life is not only till the grave but beyond.
– Working for Allah should be motivating within itself.
– Imam alJawzi (r) wrote a book, ‘Tablis Iblis’ – add to your read list! Discusses the different ways Shaytaan attacks us.
– He explains in his book how love for position comes about when you come sad and dsiturbed when another scholar is given a platform and you haven’t.
– Check your intentions! You want to be a means of guidance for the world and so does he.
-The Prophet(s) said, “Whoever treads a path seeking knowledge, Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.” [ibn majah]
So, the path requires ‘effort’ or treading.
-Patience entails dealing with imminent issues with wisdom, such as posting immediately on social media when difficult and testing issues happen worldwide. We need to focus on long-term, proactive solutions such as developing our salah and wudu, rather than do keyboard warfare on social media.
-We are not going to stop the bombs falling by protesting, or walking in the streets. We need to work on fixing the world fifty years from now by creating a voice for ourselves.
-The Prophet(s) took 23 years before removing the idols from around the ka’bah. Keep doing good, teaching good, focusing on the long-term.
-In our da’wah organisations, these events should inspire us to increase our studying and our proactiveness in our da’wah.
The benefits and purpose of salah (continued)
-To continue the topic of salah, “Surely those who believe, and those who are Jews, and the for Christians, and the Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last day and does good, they shall have their reward from their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.” [Al Baqarah: 62]
-“O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah ], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.” [Al Ma’idah: 90]
That’s why we say that from the benefits of salah is repelling shaytan, because shaytan only misguides us by keeping us busy in acivities that repel us from remembering Allah.
-As we mentioned in the last lesson, our salah can only improve us and keep us away from shamelessness and evil, only if it is ‘The salah’ i.e. specifically that salah taught to us by the messenger of Alah (s).
-“The angels keep on asking Allāh’s forgiveness for anyone of you, as long as he is at his Musalla (praying place) and he does not pass wind. They say, ‘O Allah! Forgive him, O Allah! be Merciful to him.” [Bukhari]
-“Whoever makes wuḍū’ at home and then walks to the House of Allāh to perform one of the five prayers, every step he takes wipes away a sin and the next step raises his status with Allāh.” [Muslim]
These ahadith teach us that our prayer raises our rank, and is a means of Allah forgiving our sins. Both, the prayer itself, and walking to it.
The Prophet(s) said, “When the worshipper stands up in prayer, all his sins are brought and placed upon his head and shoulders, so whenever he bows and prostrates, they fall from him.” [Bayhaqi, Tabaraani]
The Prophet(s) said, “When the imām says āmīn (after Sūrat’l-Fātiḥah), say ‘āmīn’ because if you say ‘āmīn’ at the same time the angels say ‘āmīn,’ then all of your sins you have committed are wiped away.” [Bukhari, Muslim]
– This is why we pray in congregation with others, our sins are forgiven.
– The best and most important thing to devote our energy to is salah, aren’t our sins a means of our retrogression?
Hence, we are not saying other initiatives are not important, but rather than salah is the most important of all priorities.
– “Make a lot of sajdah (i.e. make a lot of prayer) because for every time you make a prostration to Allāh, your rank is raised and your sin is forgiven.” [Muslim]
-Do not belittle the importance of salah. Many people use sarcasm when advised to pray and supplicate in response to problems occuring in the world. If our salah is not rectified, how will all our other issues be rectified?
-“The angels will pray for you as long as you are in the same position that you just prayed in and don’t break your wuḍū’. The angels say, ‘O Allāh forgive him. O Allāh have mercy on him.’” [Bukhari]
-The salah teaches us to be good followers, we can’t say ameen before the imam, or move before him. It teaches us respect for position in society.
-Salah teaches us not to speak over each other, to listen attentively and communicate effectively.
-We are not allowed to speak when the imam is reciting, and thus we have a place and time when we can speak.
-Salah teaches us to vary things so that we don’t become bored or inattentive.
-However, it also teaches us that parts of life should be constants; like reciting fatiha. That being static, our dynamic matters (that can change) should be more than our constant matters.
-Salah teaches us a subtle balance between static and dynamic.
-Salah teaches us the balance between rest and work; like when we sit between sujud. But it teaches us to be more active than passive.
For more subtleties of salah:
Question: Assalaamu’alaikum Sheikh Sajid. Is the usage of botox permissible in Islam?
باسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن والاه
Wa’alaykumus salaam warahmatullahi wabarakaatuh sister, may Allah bless you for writing in.
The majority of scholars that have researched this topic have stated that the use of botox or any similar procedure is impermissible unless the procedure aims at removing a defect and returns an abnormal situation and circumstance to a normal one.
Based on this; the usage of botox or any other similar procedure would not be permissible for the purpose of ‘becoming more beautiful’ as some state, or for the purpose of changing your natural beauty for the sake of resembling the looks and features of another human being that is found to be attractive.
The above citations of our scholars are based on the fact that it is forbidden to change the creation of Allah Almighty. However, the removal of a defect or abnormal situation does not constitute ‘changing the creation’ of Allah Almighty; but rather the returning of a situation and circumstance to the norm that Allah Almighty creates us upon.
This explanation is deduced from the following authentic narration:
‘Urfujah ibn As‘ad (may Allah be pleased with him) said: My nose was cut off on the day of (the battle of) al-Kulaab during the Jaahiliyyah (period of ignorance), so I had a nose made of silver, but it began to have a bad odour, so the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) told me to get a nose made from gold.’
Our scholars explain this narration stating that despite gold being forbidden for males in our shariah; a concession was made regarding its usage due to necessity and for the sake of reducing the effect of an abnormal circumstance.
I pray this answer suffices. Please feel free to write in should further clarifications be required.