O My Dear Father!
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Trade Boycotts in Islamic Fiqh
Assalamualaikum Sh. Sajid. From an Islamic Transactions perspective, how would the calls towards boycotting products be viewed?
وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته
:باسم الله والحمد لله، والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله، أما بعد
From an Islamic perspective trade is seen as a means (waseelah) towards achieving different ends (maqaasid). We all trade as a means of aquiring a required benefit, as oppossed to just trading for the sake of it.
Based on this the Shariah applies the rules of the latter upon the former accordingly. Thus generally, if the outcome of the trade is a permissible one, the means towards that outcome will also be considered permissible. However if the outcome of the transaction is considered impermissible in islam, then the means that would eventually lead to that forbidden outcome will also be considered forbidden.
The concept of trade as we have covered together in previous posts, articles and courses was cited as being from the permissible matters (in Arabic: Mubaah), and the scholars of Jurisprudence methodology catagorise Mubaah practices as based on the outcomes they lead to into four catagories, as explained eloquently by ibn alQayyim (rh), as follows:Continue Reading…
The Correct way (Commentary from Ibn alJazari)
Ibn alJazari, al-Nashr (1/51):
“Everything authentically narrated from the Prophet is obligatory to be accepted; no one from this ummah has the choice to reject it. Believing in it is imperative, as all of it is revealed from God. Every recitation from amongst these recitations with regards to the other is like a verse with regards to another verse; believing in all of them is obligatory and following the meanings contained there through knowledge and action is obligatory as well.
It is not permissible for a person to leave off one of them because of their assumption that there is contradiction between it and another. This was referred to by Abdullah Ibn Masood when he said “Do not differ in the Quran and do not dispute about it as it does not differ nor does it fail. Do you not see that the Sharia of Islam therein is one? Its boundaries, recitation, and God’s commands therein are one? If there had been two modes (harf), one mode (harf) ordering something and the other forbading it then there would be difference between the two. However, all of this is encompassed in its entirety. So whoever recites upon a certain recitation he should not leave it off out of disdain for it because whoever disbelieves in one mode (harf) has disbelieved in all of them.”Continue Reading…
Commentary from Imam At-Tabari
Imam At-Tabari (310 AH) – may Allah have mercy on him- wrote an encyclopedic book in Qira’at which has not reached us. Imam Makki ibn Abi Talib (437 AH)– a great scholar of Qira’at- quotes At-Tabari from his Qira’at book.
He quotes him (may Allah have mercy on him) saying, “Everything that has been authentically established, according to us, from the Qira’at that Allah’s Messenger (may Allah’s praise and peace be upon him) taught his Ummah, is from the seven Ahruf which Allah has allowed for him. They (i.e. the Muslim Ummah) are allowed to recite the Quran with them. We are not allowed to consider incorrect anyone who [recites] from it what is in accordance to the script of the Mushaf. If it goes against the script of the Mushaf, we do not recite it, and we withhold from it and from talking about it.” [Al-Ibanah, by Makki ibn Abi Talib, p. 53]
قال الإمام المكي في الإبانة ص 53 نقلا عن الإمام الطبري في كتاب القراءات: (كل ما صح عندنا من القراءات، أنه علمه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لأمته من الأحرف السبعة التي أذن الله له، ولهم أن يقرءوا بها القرآن، فليس لنا أن نخطئ من كان ذلك به موافقا لخط المصحف. فإن كان مخالفا لخط المصحف لم نقرأ به، ووقفنا عنه، وعن الكلام فيه).
He further says in his book on Creed, “Sareeh As-Sunnah” regarding his view on the Quran the Muslims recite:Continue Reading…
The science of Hadeeth
I’ve been asked about my toughest subject during my journey seeking knowledge thus far. Along with this question- is the famous question about my most memorable teacher.
Its really tough for me to answer the latter question (regarding the most memorable teacher), however if I was to amalgamate the two questions together within one context; I’d say comfortably that the toughest subject I’ve come across is a science called illal alHadeeth which is a Hadeeth related science dealing with subtle discreprecies/issues with the chain/s and/or text/s of a narration.
It requires one to really develop the ability to audit hadeeth content diligently, with a precision requiring much strength, and I recall how drained I’d feel after each lesson related to the practical side of this subject especially. It really made me love deeper the Hadeeth Giants from our history, such as Imam Ali bin alMadeeni, Imam albukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam ibn Abi alHaatim, and others.
Don’t get me wrong; it’s not an impossible subject to study, and with time things do get more manageable. It’s just that it does require intense discipline, starting with discipline in one’s intentions.
As for the 2nd question; then given the context of this post, he would have to be, hands down, our Sheikh Abdullah bin Abdur-Rahman asSa’d (may Allah preserve him).
His In-depth knowledge of the science from both a theoretical and practical perspective is just phenomenal, beyond my ability to fully describe, and along with this abundant knowledge, he possesses exemplary character which in a way inspires a process of transformation within a student of knowledge.
The day I leave Riyadh and the borders of KSA, there will be so much to miss. Allahul Musta’aan.
May Allah preserve our teachers in His obedience and increase our knowledge. Ameen.
Moments with the Qur’an – Ramadan 1441 AH – Sheikh Dr. Sajid Umar – Full Playlist
The Islamic New Year
It’s a new Islamic Year and a month of introspection, reflection, and critical planning.
Here is an article of mine to assist your processes better.
Assalamualaikum. Given that it’s August, the most common question in floatation is about the the Islamic Ruling on Student Loans in the UK.
To make things more accessible, I penned down the conclusions from my study of the contract in this Article
Please have a read
Dr. Sajid Umar
Books You Should Read
Recommended books to read at different stages in order to become grounded in the Qu’ranic sciences before application as shared by our Sheikh Dr. Musaa’id at-Tayyaar (may Allah preserve him).
The message was transcribed by a fellow diligent student of knowledge (may Allah reward him), and I’ve checked it’s accuracy.
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