Notes of a student
20th February 2016
Etiquettes of the Quran
– The Qur’an will leave you quickly if you are not constant with your revision
– “And We have certainly made the Qur’an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember?” (54:17)
– It is important to revise and review the Qur’an and any knowledge we have sought previously.
– ‘Insaan comes from the word, ‘nisyan’ meaning ‘to forget,’ Forgetfulness can be a mercy from Allah because if we didn’t forget we would be destroyed. If we didn’t forget our pain from the past we would be unable to move on.
– The Prophet (s) taught us to take the lesson from regret but not to remain in regret.
– It is important to be consistent when memorising/reciting Qur’an.
– If you forget a portion of the Qur’an do you say, ‘I forgot?’ or ‘I was made to forget?’ There is a difference of opinion on this.
The Prophet (s) said, “It is a bad thing that some of you say, ‘I have forgotten such-and-such verse of the Quran;’ rather, he has been caused (by Allaah) to forget it. So you must keep on reciting the Quran because it escapes from the hearts of men faster than tied camels.”
– Nasiya can also carry the meaning of negligence. The person who is negligent of the Qur’an is sinful.
– One should speak in appropriate way when speaking of the Qur’an.
– Is it sinful to forget the Qur’an? Scholars have two views with regards to this. Correct view: You are not sinful for forgetting the Qur’an but for being neglectful of the Qur’an.
– The Qur’an is a heavy word. “Indeed, We will cast upon you a heavy word.” (73:5)
– The sin is attached to the action that leads to the results of forgetfulness.
– “The person who is proficient in the Quran is with the honorable, pious and just scribes (in heaven). As for the person who reads the Quran, though it is difficult for him and though he stutters, he has two rewards.” (Bukhari)
– From the adab of the Qur’an is to try our best to recite the Qur’an throughout our day.
– The best Dhikr is the Qur’an.
– “Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], “Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.” (3:91)
– “That you may settle yourselves upon their backs and then remember the favor of your Lord when you have settled upon them and say. “Exalted is He who has subjected this to us, and we could not have [otherwise] subdued it.” (43:13)
– Whilst Aisha (r) was menstruating the Prophet (s) would lay on her lap and recite Qur’an
– The Prophet (s) recited Surah Fath during the conquest of Makkah.
– No teacher can develop you better than the Qur’an can teach you because it is the words of Allah.
– Make a serious effort in learning the Arabic language so you understand what Allah is saying. This will better your relationship with the Qur’an.
– The Prophet (s) loved the Qur’an to be read to him.
– Read the Qur’an whilst observing the laws of the Shariah pertaining to the Qur’an.
– The Qur’an cannot be touched without wudhu, however it can be recited without wudhu
– It is impermissible to recite the Qur’an from memory if one is in a state of Janabah (major impurity)
– The female who is menstruating can’t touch the mushaf but can she read from memory?
- Majority of the scholars say no as she requires ghusl so it the same as janabah.
- The minority (maliki) say she can recite the Qur’an from memory as there is no explicit evidence against it. Also, it is not healthy for her to be away from the Qur’an for a long period of time. They also add that after marital relations she is in that state due to choice but with menses or post-natal bleeding, this is not her choice. The minority view is also a strong view.
– Follow the madhab you usually take your islamic knowledge from.
– What if the Qur’an is read from a smartphone, tablet etc? One doesn’t need wudhu here as a smartphone is not a mushaf. A mushaf is the pages of the Qur’an which exists between two covers. When you touching the mushaf you are not touching Qur’an but a screen!
– Another etiquette of the Qur’an is to be upon wudhu even when reading from memory.
– From his sunnah was to use the Miswak before reciting the Qur’an.
– “Whenever the Prophet got up for Tahajjud prayer he used to clean his mouth (and teeth) with Siwak” (Bukhari)
– To recite Taw’wudh before reciting Qur’an. “So when you want to recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).” (16:98).
– Some scholars say it is compulsary others say it is recommended due to the hadith of the Prophet (s): Anas radhiAllahu ‘anhu that he said, “While we were with the Messenger of Allah in the Masjid, he dozed off into a slumber. Then he lifted his head smiling. We said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! What has caused you to laugh?’ He said, ‘Verily, a Surah was just revealed to me.’ Then he recited, ‘Verily, We have granted you Al-Kauthar. Therefore, turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice. For he who hates you, he will be cut off.’ (Muslim)
– Alternate between different types of Ta’awwudh. “I seek refuge from the all-Hearing and the All-Knowing from the accursed Shaytaan” (Abu Dawud)
– Using different adkhaars aids in concentrating better.
– Basmallah refers to ‘Bismillahir rahmaanir raheem’
– The Arabic language has the ability to give an entire sentence a name such as, ‘Hawqala’ – laa hawla quwata illah billah
– Some Qurrah say ‘Sadaqallahul Adheem’ (Allah as spoken the truth) at the end of the recitation. We don’t have any evidence from the Prophet (s) or Sahabah or Taabi’een. However if someone says it sometimes out of astonishment because what they have read and understood from the Qur’an. One shouldn’t make it a habit.
– The Qur’an should be recited carefully and slowly not quickly and carelessly.
– One of the first commands given to the Prophet (s) was: “and recite the Qur’an with measured recitation.” (73:4)
– Before any great acts of worship such as Hajj etc, Allah taught us to recite the Qur’an clearly.
– Isn’t it better to recite quickly so I can read more Qur’an or recite slowly with understanding? Have different relationships with the Qur’an.
- Based on recitation: quick-paced but seeking the reward for teach letter.
- Listening to the Qur’an
- Pondering over the Qur’an: Studying tafseer, reflecting etc.
- Beautifying your voice when reciting the Qur’an is an ettiquete of the Qur’an.
- Being affected by the book of Allah – becoming humbled, feeling emotion, crying, increase in imaan etc
- Beautifying your voice when reciting the Qur’an is etiquette of the Qur’an.
- To become affected by the book of Allah – becoming humbled, feeling emotion, crying, increase in imaan etc.
– The Prophet (s) cried when he head Ibn Mas’ood recite the ayah: “So how [will it be] when We bring from every nation a witness and we bring you, [O Muhammad] against these [people] as a witness?” (Nisa:41